Deep Representation Learning for Multi-functional Degradation Modeling of Community-dwelling Aging Population

TitleDeep Representation Learning for Multi-functional Degradation Modeling of Community-dwelling Aging Population
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsChen, S, Wu, J, Liu, X, Li, Y, Yao, H
KeywordsBaby Boomer, Disabilities, health degradation, healthcare challenges
Abstract

As the aging population grows, particularly for the baby boomer generation, the United States is witnessing a significant increase in the elderly population experiencing multifunctional disabilities. These disabilities, stemming from a variety of chronic diseases, injuries, and impairments, present a complex challenge due to their multidimensional nature, encompassing both physical and cognitive aspects. Traditional methods often use univariate regression-based methods to model and predict single degradation conditions and assume population homogeneity, which is inadequate to address the complexity and diversity of aging-related degradation. This study introduces a novel framework for multi-functional degradation modeling that captures the multidimensional (e.g., physical and cognitive) and heterogeneous nature of elderly disabilities. Utilizing deep learning, our approach predicts health degradation scores and uncovers latent heterogeneity from elderly health histories, offering both efficient estimation and explainable insights into the diverse effects and causes of aging-related degradation. A real-case study demonstrates the effectiveness and marks a pivotal contribution to accurately modeling the intricate dynamics of elderly degradation, and addresses the healthcare challenges in the aging population.

URLhttps://arxiv.org/html/2404.05613v1
Citation Key13886