Does neighborhood socioeconomic status alter memory change associated with a cancer diagnosis? Preliminary evidence from the US Health and Retirement Study.

TitleDoes neighborhood socioeconomic status alter memory change associated with a cancer diagnosis? Preliminary evidence from the US Health and Retirement Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationForthcoming
AuthorsWestrick, AC, Ospina-Romero, M, Clarke, P, Langa, KM, Kobayashi, LC
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention: a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
ISSN Number1538-7755
KeywordsCancer, cognitive impairment, memory decline, neighborhood disadvantage
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neighborhood disadvantage has been linked to cognitive impairment, but little is known about the effect of neighborhood disadvantage on long-term cancer-related memory decline.

METHODS: Incident cancer diagnosis and memory (immediate and delayed recall, combined with proxy-reported memory) were assessed at biennial interviews in the U.S. Health and Retirement Study (N=13,293, 1998-2016). Neighborhood disadvantage was measured using the National Neighborhood Data Archive disadvantage index, categorized into tertiles (T1: least disadvantaged - T3: most disadvantaged). Linear mixed-effects models estimated the standardized memory trajectories in participants with or without cancer, by neighborhood disadvantage.

RESULTS: Living in more disadvantaged neighborhoods was associated with worse mean memory function and steeper memory declines, regardless of cancer status. An incident cancer diagnosis was associated with an acute memory drop for those living in least disadvantaged neighborhoods but not more disadvantaged neighborhoods (T1: -0.05, 95% CI: -0.08, -0.01; T3: -0.13, 95% CI: -0.06, 0.03). Cancer survivors in the least disadvantaged neighborhoods had a slight memory advantage in the years prior to diagnosis (T1: 0.09, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.13) and after diagnosis (T1: 0.07, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.13).

CONCLUSIONS: An incident cancer diagnosis among those living in the least disadvantaged neighborhoods was associated with an acute memory drop at the time of diagnosis and a long-term memory advantage before and after diagnosis compared to cancer-free individuals in similar neighborhoods.

IMPACT: These findings could inform interventions to promote cancer survivor's long-term aging. Future studies should investigate the social and biological pathways through which nSES could influence cancer-related memory changes.

DOI10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-23-1554
Citation Key13910
PubMed ID38639923