Age-specific association between visit-to-visit blood pressure variability and hearing loss: A population-based cohort study

TitleAge-specific association between visit-to-visit blood pressure variability and hearing loss: A population-based cohort study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsGuo, X, Sun, R, Cui, X, Liu, Y, Yang, Y, Lin, R, Yang, H, Wu, J, Xu, J, Peng, Y, Zheng, X, Qin, G, Chen, J
JournalInnovation in Aging
Paginationigae047
ISSN Number2399-5300
KeywordsBlood pressure, Generalized Cox additive model, Hearing health, visit-to-visit variability
Abstract

Hearing loss is common and undertreated, and the impact of blood pressure variability (BPV) on the development of hearing loss remains unclear. We aimed to examine the age-specific association between visit-to-visit BPV and hearing loss.This nationally representative cohort study included 3939 adults over 50 years from the Health and Retirement Study in the US. Variabilities of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were assessed by standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV) and variability independent of the mean (VIM), using SBP and DBP from three visits. Hearing loss was assessed by self-rated questions. Cox proportional risk models were used to evaluate age-specific associations (50-64, 65-79 and ≥80 years) between BPV and hearing loss. The generalized additive Cox models were further used to visualize the combined effect of age and BPV.During the follow-up up to 7.0 years, 700 participants developed hearing loss. Among people aged under 65 years, we observed a 36\% increased risk of hearing loss with per SD increment in VIM of SBP (HR per SD 1.36, 95\% CI 1.13-1.63) and a slightly significant association between VIM of DBP (HR per SD 1.21, 95\% CI 1.01-1.45) and hearing loss. We did not observe significant associations among groups aged over 65 years (P\>0.05). The generalized additive Cox models also showed younger participants had stronger associations between BPV and hearing loss.Higher visit-to-visit variabilities of SBP were associated with an increased risk of hearing loss in middle-aged adults (50-65 years). Intervention in early BPV may help decrease hearing loss in adults aged over 50 years.

DOI10.1093/geroni/igae047
Citation Key10.1093/geroni/igae047