Bridge Employment or Encore Career? Examining Predictors that Distinguish Later-Life Career Transitions.

TitleBridge Employment or Encore Career? Examining Predictors that Distinguish Later-Life Career Transitions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsOh, Ytaek
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Date Published2024 Jun 05
ISSN Number1758-5368
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Bridge employment and encore careers are two prevalent retirement pathways that have different goals and outcomes. Yet, 'changing jobs in later life' is the shared prequel that blurs the distinction between them in empirical studies. This study proposes a set of criteria - voluntariness of career transition and the duration of work in the post-transition job - to distinguish various retirement pathways and investigates the predictors that distinguish the workers' choice of these pathways.

METHODS: I conducted multinomial logistic regression to examine the predictors that distinguish between bridge employment, encore career, and direct workforce exit using the longitudinal sample of respondents with full-time career jobs in the Health and Retirement Study 1992-2020 (HRS, N = 2,038). To examine the predictors that distinguish between bridge employment and encore careers, I conducted logistic regression on the subsample of respondents who chose either bridge employment or encore careers (n = 927).

RESULTS: The results show that the accumulated human capital from career jobs, physical and mental health conditions before leaving career jobs, and self-identified retirement status when transitioning to new jobs distinguish the workers' choices of taking on different retirement pathways.

DISCUSSION: Maintaining the labor force participation of older workers is an important human resource agenda for policymakers. This study suggests that increasing the number of quality jobs for older workers would promote bridge employment and encore careers by raising the benefits of making career transitions as well as improving older workers' health.

DOI10.1093/geronb/gbae104
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/38837332?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Citation Key14014
PubMed ID38837332