Working Through It: Lifetime Experiences of Employment Discrimination Among Older Black Americans and Implications for Labor Force Participation, Job Dissatisfaction, and Mental Health in Older Adulthood.

TitleWorking Through It: Lifetime Experiences of Employment Discrimination Among Older Black Americans and Implications for Labor Force Participation, Job Dissatisfaction, and Mental Health in Older Adulthood.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsAbrams, LR, Zhang, YS, Munsey, AD, Farah, MA, Brown, LL
JournalJ Aging Health
Pagination8982643241259781
Date Published2024 Jun 17
ISSN Number1552-6887
Keywordsdepression, employment discrimination, Racism, Work
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine lifetime experiences of employment discrimination and their association with Black older adults' employment status and well-being.

METHODS: We use data from the Health and Retirement Study's leave-behind questionnaire to characterize lifetime experiences of being unfairly fired, not hired, or not promoted among Black older adults ( = 2948) and test associations with labor force status at age 62, job satisfaction among those working, and depressive symptoms.

RESULTS: Employment discrimination was commonly reported by Black older adults, especially among men and those with college educations. Employment discrimination was not associated with employment status at age 62 but was associated with job dissatisfaction (OR = 2.00, = .001) and depressive symptoms (Beta = 0.34, < .001).

DISCUSSION: Findings suggest a negative association between employment discrimination at any point in the life course and Black older adults' well-being. Employment discrimination is an obstacle to healthy aging, yet improved discrimination survey items are needed to fully capture its impact on Black Americans.

DOI10.1177/08982643241259781
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/38881277?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ Aging Health
Citation Key14052
PubMed ID38881277