|Family Structure and Economic Well-Being of Black, Hispanic, and White Pre-Retirement Adults
|Year of Publication
|Flippen, C, Tienda, M
|Office of Population Research working paper
|Adult children, Net Worth and Assets, Women and Minorities
This paper examines how family structure is related to racial and ethnic inequality among older populations. We show that intergenerational living serves the economic needs of minority and unmarried female elders more than non-minority and married elders. The greater economic motivation for co-residence among minority and female elders was suggested both by their higher reliance on the income of co-resident kin and by their subjective evaluations of who benefited most from co-residence. However, when the contributions of co-resident kin are weighed against the additional costs they bring to the household, the inequality-reducing effect of extension falls considerably. The contributions per co-resident kin are smaller in minority households, and thus the economic well-being of elders living in extended households is often no better, and occasionally worse, than had they lived alone. Only unmarried women receive a substantial net boost from co-residence, primarily because adult offspring who co-reside with unmarried women contribute more than their counterparts in unmarried male or couple households.
Family Structure/Economic Status/Black Americans/Hispanic Americans