|Slowed or Sidelined? The Effect of Normal Cognitive Decline on Job Performance Among the Elderly
|Year of Publication
|Belbase, A, Khan, MR, Munnell, AH, Webb, A
|Boston, MA, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College
|Employment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status
This paper examines the relationship between age-related cognitive decline and three potential workplace outcomes: 1) coping with increased job difficulty; 2) shifting to a less cognitively demanding job; and 3) retiring early. It uses data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the O NET database. Critical components of the analysis are the metric used to measure cognitive decline, inclusion of cognitive reserve as an independent variable, and the use of overlapping 10-year observation windows. A key limitation is that the study cannot conclusively discern a causal relationship between cognitive decline and workforce exit.
O NET/workplace/Cognitive reserve/labor Force Participation/Cognitive decline