The Composition and Draw-down of Wealth in Retirement

TitleThe Composition and Draw-down of Wealth in Retirement
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsPoterba, JM, Venti, SF, Wise, DA
Series TitleNBER Working Paper
Document Number17536
InstitutionNational Bureau of Economic Research
CityCambridge, MA
KeywordsConsumption and Savings, Employment and Labor Force, Event History/Life Cycle, Women and Minorities

This paper presents evidence on the resources available to households as they enter retirement. It draws heavily on data collected by the Health and Retirement Study and calculates the potential additional annuity income that households could purchase, given their holdings of non-annuitized financial assets at the start of retirement. Even if households used all of their financial assets inside and outside personal retirement accounts to purchase a life annuity, only 47 percent of households between the ages of 65 and 69 in 2008 could increase their life-contingent income by more than 5,000 per year. At the upper end of the wealth distribution, however, a substantial number of households could make large annuity purchases. The paper also considers the role of housing equity in the portfolios of retirement-age households, and explores the extent to which households draw down housing equity and financial assets as they age. Many households appear to treat housing equity and non-annuitized financial assets as precautionary savings, tending to draw them down only when they experience a shock such as the death of a spouse or a period of substantial medical outlays. Because home equity is often conserved until very late in life, for many households it may provide some insurance against the risk of living longer than expected.

Endnote Keywords

Personal Finance/Intertemporal Consumer Choice/Life Cycle Models and Saving/Economics of the Elderly/Economics of the Handicapped/Non-labor Market Discrimination

Endnote ID


Citation Key5910