Physical, Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Mediators of Activity Involvement and Health in Later Life

TitlePhysical, Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Mediators of Activity Involvement and Health in Later Life
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMatz-Costa, C, Carr, DC, McNamara, TK, James, JB
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume38
Issue7
Pagination791-815
Date Published10/2016
KeywordsEmployment and Labor Force, Healthcare, Other
Abstract

The current study tests the indirect effect of activity-related physical activity, cognitive activity, social interaction, and emotional exchange on the relationship between activity involvement and health (physical and emotional) in later life. Longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 5,442) were used to estimate a series of linear regression models. We found significant indirect effects for social interaction and benefit to others (emotional exchange) on emotional health (depressive symptoms) and indirect effects for use of body and benefit to others (physical) on physical health (frailty). The most potent indirect effect associated with emotional and physical health was experienced by those engaged in all four domains (use of body, use of mind, social interaction, and benefit to others). While effect sizes are small and results should be interpreted with caution, findings shed light on ways in which public health interventions aimed toward increasing role engagement in later life could be improved.

URLhttp://roa.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/09/30/0164027515606182.abstract
DOI10.1177/0164027515606182
Endnote Keywords

activity levels/productivity/employment/volunteer activity/health outcomes

Endnote ID

999999

Citation Key6440
PubMed ID26429863