Physical, Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Mediators of Activity Involvement and Health in Later Life.

TitlePhysical, Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Mediators of Activity Involvement and Health in Later Life.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMatz-Costa, C, Carr, DC, McNamara, TK, James, JBoone
JournalRes Aging
Volume38
Issue7
Pagination791-815
Date Published2016 10
ISSN Number1552-7573
KeywordsAged, depression, Efficiency, Employment, Exercise, Female, Health Status, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Quality of Life, Volunteers
Abstract

<p>The current study tests the indirect effect of activity-related physical activity, cognitive activity, social interaction, and emotional exchange on the relationship between activity involvement and health (physical and emotional) in later life. Longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 5,442) were used to estimate a series of linear regression models. We found significant indirect effects for social interaction and benefit to others (emotional exchange) on emotional health (depressive symptoms) and indirect effects for use of body and benefit to others (physical) on physical health (frailty). The most potent indirect effect associated with emotional and physical health was experienced by those engaged in all four domains (use of body, use of mind, social interaction, and benefit to others). While effect sizes are small and results should be interpreted with caution, findings shed light on ways in which public health interventions aimed toward increasing role engagement in later life could be improved.</p>

URLhttp://roa.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/09/30/0164027515606182.abstract
DOI10.1177/0164027515606182
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26429863?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

activity levels/productivity/employment/volunteer activity/health outcomes

Endnote ID

999999

Alternate JournalRes Aging
Citation Key6440
PubMed ID26429863