|Title||Associations Among Individuals Perceptions of Future Time, Individual Resources, and Subjective Well-Being in Old Age|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||Forthcoming|
|Authors||Hoppmann, CA, Infurna, FJ, Ram, N, Gerstorf, D|
|Journal||The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences|
|Keywords||Expectations, Health Conditions and Status, life expectancy, Older Adults, self-perception, Well-being|
Objectives. Perceptions of future time are of key interest to aging research because of their implications for subjective well-being. Interestingly, perceptions about future time are only moderately associated with age when looking at the second half of life, pointing to a vast heterogeneity in future time perceptions among older adults. We examine associations between future time perceptions, age, and subjective well-being across two studies, including moderations by individual resources.Method. Using data from the Berlin Aging Study (N = 516; M age = 85 years), we link one operationalization (subjective nearness to death) and age to subjective well-being. Using Health and Retirement Study data (N = 2,596; M age = 77 years), we examine associations of another future time perception indicator (subjective future life expectancy) and age with subjective well-being.Results. Consistent across studies, perceptions of limited time left were associated with poorer subjective well-being (lower life satisfaction and positive affect; more negative affect and depressive symptoms). Importantly, individual resources moderated future time perception subjective well-being associations with those of better health exhibiting reduced future time perception subjective well-being associations.Discussion. We discuss our findings in the context of the Model of Strength and Vulnerability Integration.