Race Differences in Labor Force Attachment and Disability Status

TitleRace Differences in Labor Force Attachment and Disability Status
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsBound, J, Schoenbaum, M, Waidmann, TA
JournalThe Gerontologist
Call Numberpubs_1996_Bound_JGer.pdf
KeywordsDemographics, Disabilities, Employment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status, Methodology, Other, Women and Minorities

We used the first wave of the Health and Retirement Survey to study the effect of health on the labor force activity of black and white men and women in their 50s. The evidence we present confirms the notion that health is an extremely important determinant of early labor force exit. Our estimates suggest that health differences between blacks and whites can account for most of the racial gap in labor force attachment for men. For women, when participation rates are comparable, our estimates imply that black women would be substantially more likely to work than white women were it not for the marked health differences. We also found for both men and women that poor health has a substantially larger effect on labor force behavior for blacks. The evidence suggests that these differences result from black/white differences in access to the resources necessary to retire.

Endnote Keywords

Blacks/Comparative Study/Disabled Persons/Employment/Female/Health Status/Human/Middle Age/Models, Theoretical/Odds Ratio/Support, Non U.S. Government/Support, U.S. Government--PHS/Whites

Endnote ID


Citation Key6542