Demographic and economic correlates of health in old age.

TitleDemographic and economic correlates of health in old age.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsSmith, JP, Kington, R
Date Published1997 Feb
ISSN Number0070-3370
Call Numberpubs_1997_Smith_JDemog.pdf
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Cohort Studies, Demography, Disabled Persons, ethnicity, Female, Health Status, Humans, Income, Male, Models, Econometric, Racial Groups, Socioeconomic factors, United States

In this paper we examine disparities in the ability to function among older Americans. We place special emphasis on two goals: (1) understanding the quantitatively large socioeconomic status-health gradient, and (2) the persistence in health outcomes over long periods. We find that there exist strong contemporaneous and long-run feedbacks from health to economic status. In light of these feedbacks, it is important to distinguish among alternative sources of income and the recipient of income in the household. This research also demonstrates that health outcomes at old age are influenced by health attributes of past, concurrent, and future generations of relatives. Finally, we find that the demographic and economic differences that exist among them explain functional health disparities by race and ethnicity, but not by gender.


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User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Economics of the Elderly/Health Status/Socioeconomic Status/Ethnicity/Income/Gender/Old Age

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalDemography
Citation Key6566
PubMed ID9074837
Grant ListR01 AG013196 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01-AG08291 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01-AG12394 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States