Do medical conditions affect cognition in older adults?

TitleDo medical conditions affect cognition in older adults?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsZelinski, E, Crimmins, EM, Reynolds, SL, Seeman, T
JournalHealth Psychol
Date Published1998 Nov
ISSN Number0278-6133
Call Numberpubs_1998_Zelinski_EHealthPsy.pdf
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Cerebrovascular Disorders, Cognition, Diabetes Complications, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Health Status, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Mental Health

Analyses of a nationally representative sample who completed a list recall task (weighted n = 6,446) and 2 mental status tasks (weighted n = 6,646) were conducted to determine whether specific medical conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes as well as general health ratings predict cognitive performance in adults aged 70 to 103. Presence of stroke and poorer health ratings predicted poorer performance on the 3 tasks. Presence of diabetes predicted poorer performance on recall and 1 mental status task. Age interacted with medical conditions including high blood pressure and diabetes in predicting mental status, with condition-related deficits confined to the younger end of the age continuum. Global health ratings interacted with age, with poorer ratings associated with worse mental status in the younger participants. Findings suggest that stroke and diabetes are associated with cognitive deficits. Some deficits are more pronounced in younger old adults with high blood pressure and poorer health ratings.

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Endnote Keywords

Aged, 80 and Over/Aging/Psychology/Cerebrovascular Disorders/Cognition/Diabetes Mellitus/Gender/Health Status/Hypertension/Support, U.S. Government--PHS

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalHealth Psychol
Citation Key6610
PubMed ID9848800
Grant ListR01 AG010569 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
AG14209 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States