|Title||Occupational injuries among older workers with disabilities: a prospective cohort study of the Health and Retirement Survey, 1992 to 1994.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Authors||Zwerling, C, Sprince, NL, Davis, CS, Whitten, PS, Wallace, RB, Heeringa, SG|
|Journal||Am J Public Health|
|Date Published||1998 Nov|
|Keywords||Accidents, Occupational, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Analysis of Variance, Cross-Sectional Studies, Disabled Persons, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Prospective Studies, Retirement, Risk Factors, United States|
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that among older workers, disabilities in general, and hearing and visual impairments in particular, are risk factors for occupational injuries.
METHODS: Using the first 2 interviews of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative survey of Americans aged 51 to 61 years, we conducted a prospective cohort study of 5600 employed nonfarmers.
RESULTS: Testing a logistic regression model developed in a previous cross-sectional study, we found that the following occupations and risk factors were associated with occupational injury as estimated by odds ratios: service personnel, odds ratio = 1.71 (95% confidence interval = 1.13, 2.57); mechanics and repairers, 3.47 (1.98, 6.10); operators and assemblers, 2.33 (1.51, 3.61); laborers, 3.16 (1.67, 5.98); jobs requiring heavy lifting, 2.05 (1.55, 2.70); self-employment, 0.50 (0.34, 0.73); and self-reported disability, 1.58 (1.14, 2.19). Replacing the general disability variable with specific hearing and visual impairment variables, we found that poor hearing (1.35 [0.95, 1.93]) and poor sight (1.45 [0.94, 2.22]) both had elevated odds ratios.
CONCLUSIONS: Poor sight and poor hearing, as well as work disabilities in general, are associated with occupational injuries among older workers.
|User Guide Notes|
|Endnote Keywords|| |
Labor/Occupational Injury/Health Status/Basic Demographics/Health Behaviors/Risk Factors/Disability/Disability
|Endnote ID|| |
|Alternate Journal||Am J Public Health|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC1508572|
|Grant List||1 K01 OHAG00150-03 / OH / NIOSH CDC HHS / United States |
R49 CCR703640-08 / / PHS HHS / United States