Women, marital status, and symptoms of depression in a midlife national sample.

TitleWomen, marital status, and symptoms of depression in a midlife national sample.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsEarle, JR, Smith, MH, Harris, CT, Longino, CF
JournalJ Women Aging
Date Published1998
ISSN Number0895-2841
Call Numberpubs_1998_Earle_JJWomAging.pdf
KeywordsAge Factors, Depressive Disorder, Female, Humans, Male, Marital Status, Marriage, Middle Aged, Surveys and Questionnaires

Previous studies of the correlates of depression among women have not generally been based on adequate midlife samples or precision in the specification of marital status categories. The present analysis is designed to address these deficiencies and is based on data from the Health and Retirement Survey-Wave 1 (i.e., respondents 51 to 61 years old). Results indicate that married women are less likely to report symptoms of depression than their unmarried counterparts. The mental health benefits of marriage are greater for men than for women. Moreover, other variables, such as marital satisfaction, self-rated health, and employment status are more powerful predictors of emotional well-being in midlife than marital status per se. The quality of marriage affects depressive symptoms more strongly for women than men.

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Endnote Keywords

Health Status/Depression Symptoms/Economic Status/Basic Demographics

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Women Aging
Citation Key6614
PubMed ID9870051