Racial differences in the multiple social roles of older women: implications for depressive symptoms.

TitleRacial differences in the multiple social roles of older women: implications for depressive symptoms.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsCochran, D, Brown, DR, McGregor, KC
Date Published1999 Aug
ISSN Number0016-9013
Call Numberpubs_1999_Cochran_DGer.pdf
KeywordsAnalysis of Variance, Black or African American, Chi-Square Distribution, Cross-Sectional Studies, Demography, depression, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Regression Analysis, Self Concept, Social Environment, Social Support, White People, women

The relationship between multiple role participation and depressive symptoms experienced by African American (n = 547) and White (n = 2,152) women aged 55-61 was explored. Data were obtained from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Racial differences in the social roles of marriage, employment, grandmother, care provider, and volunteer and their influence on level of depressive symptoms were examined. African Americans reported higher levels of depressive symptoms than Whites. Additionally, marriage, employment, and total number of social roles were the most powerful predictors of depressive symptoms for both African American and White women. However, employment was more important in diminishing depressive symptoms among African American than White women occupying multiple social roles.

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Endnote Keywords

Analysis of Variance/Blacks/Psychology/Chi Square Distribution/Cross Sectional Studies/Demography/Depression/Ethnology/Etiology/Female/Human/Middle Age/Regression Analysis/Self Concept/Social Environment/Social Support/Whites/Psychology/Women/Psychology

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalGerontologist
Citation Key6638
PubMed ID10495585