A revised CES-D measure of depressive symptoms and a DSM-based measure of major depressive episodes in the elderly.

TitleA revised CES-D measure of depressive symptoms and a DSM-based measure of major depressive episodes in the elderly.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsTurvey, CL, Wallace, RB, Herzog, AR
JournalInt Psychogeriatr
Date Published1999 Jun
ISSN Number1041-6102
KeywordsAged, Antidepressive Agents, depression, Depressive Disorder, Major, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Humans, Male, Prospective Studies, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Psychometrics, Severity of Illness Index, Surveys and Questionnaires

This study examines the psychometric properties of two new abbreviated versions of standard measures of depression, a revised eight-item Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and a short-form Composite International Diagnostic Interview (short-form CIDI). A sample of 6,133 elders, age 70 years or older, completed both measures as part of the Asset and Health Dynamics Study of the Oldest Old. The revised CES-D had an internal consistency and factor structure comparable to that of prior versions of the CES-D. The sources of discordance between the two measures were examined and the two measures were compared on self-report of four clinical variables: medical illness, physician diagnosis, psychiatric treatment, and antidepressant or tranquilizer use. Both measures were associated with self-report of physician diagnosis and psychiatric treatment. Respondents positive for depression on the CES-D reported higher rates of antidepressant use. Respondents positive on the short-form CIDI only did not report more antidepressant use than nondepressed respondents.

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Endnote Keywords

Antidepressive Agents/Therapeutic Use/Depression/Depression, Involutional/Gender/Prospective Studies/Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/Psychometrics/Severity of Illness Index/Support, Non U.S. Government/Support, U.S. Government--PHS

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalInt Psychogeriatr
Citation Key6647
PubMed ID11475428
Grant ListU01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
1 U01 AG12980 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
2T3ZMH1568-20 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States