Health-promoting behaviors among adults with type 2 diabetes: findings from the Health and Retirement Study.

TitleHealth-promoting behaviors among adults with type 2 diabetes: findings from the Health and Retirement Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsNothwehr, F, Stump, TE
JournalPrev Med
Date Published2000 May
ISSN Number0091-7435
Call Numberpubs_2000_Nothwehr_FPrevMed.pdf
KeywordsAdult, Behavior Therapy, Black or African American, Data collection, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diet, Diabetic, Exercise, Female, Health Behavior, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Retirement, White People

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes has an enormous impact on the health care system and individuals. Dietary habits, exercise, weight management, and smoking status are critical to management and prevention of complications. This study describes the prevalence of these behaviors and their change over time in a national sample of adults with type 2 diabetes. The relationships between behavior change and sociodemographic and health status measures are explored.

METHODS: Data are from the first and third longitudinal waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Surveys were conducted face-to-face or via telephone in 1992 and 1996.

RESULTS: The sample consisted of 733 persons with type 2 diabetes, ages 50-62. The most common behaviors were being on a special diet (79.6%), and not smoking (76.6%). Sixty-six percent were engaged in some physical activity, and 58.4% were trying to lose weight. Reports of being on a special diet, trying to lose weight, and exercising all diminished over time.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of these behaviors is disappointing. Worse, they declined over the 4-year period. A better understanding of factors contributing to a person's decision to begin or discontinue health-promoting behaviors is needed to plan effective supportive or preemptive interventions.

User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Adult/Behavior Therapy/Blacks/Diabetes Mellitus, Non Insulin Dependent/Diabetic Diet/Exercise/Female/Health Behavior/Hispanic Americans/Longitudinal Studies/Middle Age/Whites

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalPrev Med
Citation Key6691
PubMed ID10845750