Predictors of transitions in disease and disability in pre- and early-retirement populations.

TitlePredictors of transitions in disease and disability in pre- and early-retirement populations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsChoi, NG, Schlichting-Ray, L
JournalJ Aging Health
Date Published2001 Aug
ISSN Number0898-2643
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Black or African American, Chronic disease, Disabled Persons, Female, Health Status, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Retirement, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic factors, United States, White People

OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed rates of prevalence and incidence of, and transitions in, disease and disability statuses of those aged 51 to 61 years and the predictors of the transition outcomes-remaining free of disease or disability, getting better, or getting worse-over a 2-year period.

METHODS: Data from the 1992 and 1994 interview waves of the Health and Retirement Study were used for gender-separate binary and multinomial logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS: Despite high prevalence and incidence rates of chronic disease and functional limitations, the improvement rates in disabilities were also high. For both genders, age, years of education, health-related behaviors, and comorbidity factors were significant predictors of the transition outcomes.

DISCUSSION: The significance of health-related behaviors as predictors of transitions suggests that lifestyle factors may have a bigger influence on this age group than on older groups.

User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Activities of Daily Living/Blacks/Chronic Disease/Epidemiology/Disabled Persons/Female/Health Status/Hispanic Americans/Human/Middle Age/Retirement/Risk Factors/Sex Factors/Socioeconomic Factors/Support, U.S. Government--PHS/United States/Whites

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Aging Health
Citation Key6737
PubMed ID11813732
Grant List121-H003A / / PHS HHS / United States