A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Tobacco Smoking and Other Modifiable Risk Factors on Ill Health in Middle-Aged and Older Americans: Results from the Health and Retirement Study and Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old Survey.

TitleA Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Tobacco Smoking and Other Modifiable Risk Factors on Ill Health in Middle-Aged and Older Americans: Results from the Health and Retirement Study and Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old Survey.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsOstbye, T, Taylor, Jr., DH, Jung, S-H
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume34
Pagination334-335
Call Numberpubs_2002_Ostbye_TPrevMed.pdf
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Methodology
Abstract

Smoking generates great health and financial costs to those persons that take part in the activity. By studying the effects of smoking, along with other risky but modifiable behaviors, one may be able to predict the amount of time expected to live with ill health after participating in such behavior. This study uses both middle-aged and elderly cohorts in order to explore the impact of risky behaviors on the health of individuals both before and after retirement. This study also, uses a large sample and longitudinal analysis in order to generalize to the population as a whole and track reductions in ill health when a person has stopped the negative activity for a certain period of time. People who currently smoke were found to have worse health then those that never smoked, but the harmful effects can be halted and even reversed if one were to quit smoking. These conclusions can be found for both the middle-aged and elderly, however, the findings are somewhat stronger for those persons in the middle-aged cohort. In the HRS those that had not been smoking for 15 years were just as likely to incur poor health as a similar person that had never started smoking. At the same time though, people that had quit less then 15 years prior to participating in the study did have greater amounts of ill health reported. Also, men were found to have lower rates of disability caused by their risky behavior then women.

URLhttp://www.idealibrary.com
Endnote Keywords

Smoking/Health Status/Health Behavior/Longitudinal Studies

Endnote ID

8602

Citation Key6807