Additive and interactive effects of comorbid physical and mental conditions on functional health.

TitleAdditive and interactive effects of comorbid physical and mental conditions on functional health.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsFultz, NH, Ofstedal, MBeth, Herzog, AR, Wallace, RB
JournalJ Aging Health
Date Published2003 Aug
ISSN Number0898-2643
Call Numberpubs_2003_Fultz_etal.pdf
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Aging, Black or African American, Cognition Disorders, depression, Diabetes Complications, Educational Status, Health Surveys, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Stroke, United States, White People

OBJECTIVE: To understand the role of cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms on functional outcomes of stroke and diabetes. Evaluation approaches to functional outcomes have rarely focused on the presence of specific comorbidities, particularly those involving mental health disorders.

METHODS: Data are from the AHEAD cohort of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally representative panel of persons 70+ years of age in 1993. Analyses are limited to 5,646 self-respondents for whom functional outcome data are available in 1995. Additive and interactive multiple regression models are compared for each outcome and focal condition combination.

RESULTS: The additive model is sufficient for the majority of outcome and focal condition combinations. The interaction term is significant in 4 of 12 comparisons.

DISCUSSION: Stroke, diabetes, cognitive impairment, and depressive symptoms exhibit strong independent effects on physical functioning. Support for the hypothesis that cognitive impairment and depression exacerbate the impact of stroke and diabetes is more limited.

User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Activities of Daily Living/Chronic Disease/Epidemiology/Health Surveys

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Aging Health
Citation Key6863
PubMed ID12914014
Grant ListU01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG09740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States