Racial/ethnic differences in rates of depression among preretirement adults.

TitleRacial/ethnic differences in rates of depression among preretirement adults.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsDunlop, DD, Song, J, Lyons, JS, Manheim, LM, Chang, RW
JournalAm J Public Health
Date Published2003 Nov
ISSN Number0090-0036
KeywordsAged, Black or African American, Cohort Studies, Comorbidity, Demography, Depressive Disorder, Major, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Female, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Minority Groups, Probability, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic factors, United States, White People

OBJECTIVES: We estimated racial/ethnic differences in rates of major depression and investigated possible mediators.

METHODS: Depression prevalence rates among African American, Hispanic, and White adults were estimated from a population-based national sample and adjusted for potential confounders.

RESULTS: African Americans (odds ratio [OR] = 1.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.93, 1.44) and Hispanics (OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.02, 2.04) exhibited elevated rates of major depression relative to Whites. After control for confounders, Hispanics and Whites exhibited similar rates, and African Americans exhibited significantly lower rates than Whites.

CONCLUSIONS: Major depression and factors associated with depression were more frequent among members of minority groups than among Whites. Elevated depression rates among minority individuals are largely associated with greater health burdens and lack of health insurance, factors amenable to public policy intervention.

User Guide Notes


Endnote Keywords

Racial Differences/Depression

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalAm J Public Health
Citation Key6882
PubMed ID14600071
PubMed Central IDPMC1199525
Grant ListP60 AR048098 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD045412 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
P60-AR48098 / AR / NIAMS NIH HHS / United States
R01-HD45412-01 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States