Nonmetro residence and impaired vision among elderly Americans.

TitleNonmetro residence and impaired vision among elderly Americans.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsJohnson, NE
JournalJ Rural Health
Date Published2004 Spring
ISSN Number0890-765X
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cataract, Chronic disease, Comorbidity, Diabetes Mellitus, Humans, Hypertension, Prevalence, Risk Assessment, Rural Health, United States, Urban Health, Vision Disorders

PURPOSE: Nonmetro and metro elderly people are contrasted in their risk of having (relative to lacking) an impairment in distance vision and in near vision.

METHODS: Using the 1995-1996 panel (Wave 2) of the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) Survey, the prevalence of 5 eye-threatening conditions (cardiovascular disease, cataract, diabetes, glaucoma, and hypertension), a variety of medical treatments for these conditions, the number of talks/visits with doctors in the 2 years before Wave 2, and several relevant demographic characteristics of the 6,817 respondents were controlled.

FINDINGS: Nonmetro and metro elders have the same risk of impairment in distance vision. After controlling for other factors, nonmetro elders have a higher risk than their metro peers of an uncorrected impairment in near vision (probably presbyopia).

CONCLUSIONS: Nonmetro elders may confront more impediments to updating their corrective lenses for presbyopia. Implications for public health policy are discussed.

User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Visually Impaired Persons/Residential Segregation

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Rural Health
Citation Key6942
PubMed ID15085628