Nonmetro Residence and Impaired Vision Among Elderly Americans

TitleNonmetro Residence and Impaired Vision Among Elderly Americans
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsJohnson, NE
JournalThe Journal of Rural Health
Volume20
Issue2
Pagination142-50
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Women and Minorities
Abstract

Purpose: Nonmetro and metro elderly people are contrasted in their risk of having (relative to lacking) an impairment in distance vision and in near vision. Methods: Using the 1995-1996 panel (wave 2) of the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) Survey, the prevalence of 5 eye-threatening conditions (cardiovascular disease, cataract, diabetes, glaucoma, and hypertension), a variety of medical treatements for these conditions, the number of talks/visits with doctors in the 2 years before wave 2, and several relevant demographic characteristics of the 6817 respondents were controlled. Findings: Nonmetro and metro elders have the same risk of impairment in distance vision. After controlling for other factors, nonmetro elders have a higher risk than their metro peers of an uncorrected impairment in near vision (probably presbyopia). Conclusion: Nonmetro elders may confront more impediments to updating their corrective lenses for presbyopia. Implications for public health policy are discussed.

Endnote Keywords

Visually Impaired Persons/Residential Segregation

Endnote ID

12862

Citation Key6942