|Title||Nonmetro residence and impaired vision among elderly Americans.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Journal||J Rural Health|
|Date Published||2004 Spring|
|Keywords||Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cataract, Chronic disease, Comorbidity, Diabetes Mellitus, Humans, Hypertension, Prevalence, Risk Assessment, Rural Health, United States, Urban Health, Vision Disorders|
PURPOSE: Nonmetro and metro elderly people are contrasted in their risk of having (relative to lacking) an impairment in distance vision and in near vision.
METHODS: Using the 1995-1996 panel (Wave 2) of the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) Survey, the prevalence of 5 eye-threatening conditions (cardiovascular disease, cataract, diabetes, glaucoma, and hypertension), a variety of medical treatments for these conditions, the number of talks/visits with doctors in the 2 years before Wave 2, and several relevant demographic characteristics of the 6,817 respondents were controlled.
FINDINGS: Nonmetro and metro elders have the same risk of impairment in distance vision. After controlling for other factors, nonmetro elders have a higher risk than their metro peers of an uncorrected impairment in near vision (probably presbyopia).
CONCLUSIONS: Nonmetro elders may confront more impediments to updating their corrective lenses for presbyopia. Implications for public health policy are discussed.
|User Guide Notes|
|Endnote Keywords|| |
Visually Impaired Persons/Residential Segregation
|Endnote ID|| |
|Alternate Journal||J Rural Health|