Race, Gender, and the Retirement Decisions of People Ages 60 to 80: Prospects for age integration in employment

TitleRace, Gender, and the Retirement Decisions of People Ages 60 to 80: Prospects for age integration in employment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsMcNamara, TK, Williamson, JB
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
Volume59
Issue3
Pagination255-286
KeywordsDemographics, Employment and Labor Force
Abstract

Demographic projections have prompted concerns about the potential economic burden of an aging population. This article, drawing on the 1998 Health and Retirement Study, explores ways in which race, gender, and age moderate the effects of various factors on labor force participation among people ages 60 to 80. Key findings center on health, education, and non-wage income. First, the effect of low non-wage income is weaker at older ages due to higher levels of functional disability. Second, the effect of low education is stronger for women, who perceive their chances of finding employment as low. Third, the effect of health is weaker for blacks, as they are less likely to find steady employment regardless of health. Policy implications: Employer flexibility in number of hours worked might make sense for workers close to retirement age, while job search and training programs might be preferable for workers past the typical retirement age.

Endnote Keywords

Racial disparities/Labor Force Participation

Endnote ID

13692

Citation Key6970