Workplace characteristics and work disability onset for men and women.

TitleWorkplace characteristics and work disability onset for men and women.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsCrimmins, EM, Hayward, MD
JournalSoz Praventivmed
Date Published2004
ISSN Number0303-8408
Call Numbernewpubs20101112_Crimmins3.pdf
KeywordsDisabled Persons, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Occupational Diseases, Proportional Hazards Models, Retirement, Risk, Sex Factors, Sick Leave, Stress, Psychological, United States, Workers' compensation, Workload, Workplace

OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates the association between job characteristics and work disability among men and women in older working ages in the United States. We examine whether the association persists when controlling for major chronic disease experience. We also address whether job characteristics are ultimately associated with the receipt of disability benefits.

METHODS: Data are from the Health and Retirement Survey and are nationally representative of noninstitutionalized persons 51-61 in 1992. Disability onset is estimated using a hazard modeling approach for those working at wave 1 (N = 5,999). A logistic regression analysis of disability benefits is based on a risk set of 525 persons who become work-disabled before the second interview.

RESULTS: Women's disability onset and health problems appear less related to job characteristics than men's. For men, work disability is associated with stressful jobs, lack of job control, and environmentally hazardous conditions but is not associated with physical demands. Participation in disability benefit programs among those with work disability is unrelated to most job characteristics or health conditions.

CONCLUSIONS: Understanding of the differing process to work disability for men and women and the relationship between work and health by gender is important for current policy development.

User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Disabled Persons/occupation/risk Factors/DISABILITY/DISABILITY/stress/environment/Job Characteristics/labor Force Participation

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalSoz Praventivmed
Citation Key6989
PubMed ID15150864
Grant ListP30 AG17265 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG11235 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG11758 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States