Disparities among older adults in measures of cognitive function by race or ethnicity.

TitleDisparities among older adults in measures of cognitive function by race or ethnicity.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsSloan, FA, Wang, J
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Date Published2005 Sep
ISSN Number1079-5014
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Black or African American, Case-Control Studies, Cognition, Cognition Disorders, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Linear Models, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Racial Groups, United States

This study examined racial or ethnic differences in cognitive function, cross-sectionally and longitudinally, using survey data from the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old. A version of the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS), proxy assessments of cognition, and difficulties in performing daily tasks were assessed. Blacks performed below Whites on the TICS at baseline and on proxy assessments of cognition. TICS score declined with age for Whites and Blacks, with some relative gains for Blacks. At baseline, Blacks more often had difficulties in performing daily tasks, with some increase in difficulties relative to Whites with age. Differences between other groups and Whites were smaller than those between Blacks and Whites.

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Endnote Keywords

Racial disparities/Cognitive Function/Elderly

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Citation Key7008
PubMed ID16131618
Grant List1PO1-AG-17937 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States