Urban Neighborhood Context, Educational Attainment, and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults

TitleUrban Neighborhood Context, Educational Attainment, and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsWight, RG, Aneshensel, CS, Miller-Martinez, D, Botticello, AL, Cummings, JR, Karlamangla, AS, Seeman, TE
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume163
Issue12
Pagination1071-1078
Call Numberpubs_2006_WightAJE.pdf
KeywordsDemographics, Health Conditions and Status
Abstract

Existing research has not addressed the potential impact of neighborhood context educational attainment of neighbors in particular on individual-level cognition among older adults. Using hierarchical linear modeling, the authors analyzed data from the 1993 Study of Assets and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD), a large, nationally representative sample of US adults born before 1924. Data from participants residing in urban neighborhoods (n 3,442) were linked with 1990 US Census tract data. Findings indicate that 1) average cognitive function varies significantly across US Census tracts; 2) older adults living in low-education areas fare less well cognitively than those living in high-education areas, net of individual characteristics, including their own education; 3) this association is sustained when controlling for contextual-level median household income; and 4) the effect of individual-level educational attainment differs across neighborhoods of varying educational profiles. Promoting educational attainment among the general population living in disadvantaged neighborhoods may prove cognitively beneficial to its aging residents because it may lead to meliorations in stressful life conditions and coping deficiencies.

Notes

PMID: 16707655

Endnote Keywords

Cognition/EDUCATION/Socioeconomic Factors

Endnote ID

16570

Citation Key7087