Insurance Coverage and Health Care Use among Near-Elderly Women

TitleInsurance Coverage and Health Care Use among Near-Elderly Women
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsXu, X, Patel, DA, Vahratian, A, Ransom, SB
JournalWomen's Health Issues
Volume16
Issue3
Pagination139-148
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Healthcare, Medicare/Medicaid/Health Insurance, Women and Minorities
Abstract

OJECTIVES: Data on near-elderly (ages 55-64) women's access to and use of health care have been limited. In this study, we sought to examine the status of near-elderly women's health insurance coverage in the United States and how it may influence their use of health care services. METHODS: A nationwide random sample of women aged 55-64 was drawn from the 2002 wave of the Health and Retirement Study. Descriptive statistics were calculated and multivariable regression analyses were performed to quantify the impact of insurance coverage on near-elderly women's use of outpatient services, inpatient services, and prescriptoin medication over a 2-year period. RESULTS: In 2002, 9.4 of near-elderly women in the United States were uninsured and 15.4 had public coverage. Those who had coverage for a particular service were significantly more likely to use that service compared to women without coverage, with odds ratios ranging from 2.0-6.7 for services such as a physician visit, hospital stay, dental visit, and use of prescription medication. Among those who had at least one physician visit, near-elderly women who had some of the cost covered by public insurance reported significantly more visits than women without coverage. Likewise, for near-elderly women regularly taking prescription medications, having more extensive coverage significantly increased their likelihood of medication adherence. The frequency of hospitalization was also higher for women who had complete coverage for the cost. CONCLUSIONS: The nature of a near-elderly woman's insurance coverage significantly affects her hsue of health care services. More attention is needed to improve the health care of near-elderly women with inadequate insurance coverage.

Notes

Official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health

Endnote Keywords

Health Care Utilization/womens health/Health Insurance Coverage/WOMEN

Endnote ID

16700

Citation Key7089