Early childbearing, marital status, and women's health and mortality after age 50.

TitleEarly childbearing, marital status, and women's health and mortality after age 50.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsHenretta, JC
JournalJ Health Soc Behav
Date Published2007 Sep
ISSN Number0022-1465
Call Numbernewpubs20071203_Henretta.pdf
KeywordsAdolescent, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Marital Status, Maternal Age, Middle Aged, Mortality, Parity, Pregnancy, Pregnancy in Adolescence, Prevalence, Proportional Hazards Models, Social Class, United States, Women's Health

This article examines the relationship between a woman's childbearing history and her later health and mortality, with primary focus on whether the association between them is due to early and later socioeconomic status. Data are drawn from the Health and Retirement Study birth cohort of 1931-1941. Results indicate that, conditional on reaching midlife and controlling for early and later socioeconomic status, a first birth before age 20 is associated with a higher hazard of dying. In addition, having an early birth is associated with a higher prevalence of reported heart disease, lung disease, and cancer in 1994. Being unmarried at the time of the first birth is associated with earlier mortality, but this association disappears when midlife socioeconomic status is controlled. The number of children ever born does not significantly affect mortality but is associated with prevalence of diabetes.

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Endnote Keywords

womens health/Mortality/CHILDREN

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Health Soc Behav
Citation Key7169
PubMed ID17982867