Parent caregiving choices of middle-generation Blacks and Whites in the United States.

TitleParent caregiving choices of middle-generation Blacks and Whites in the United States.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsWhite-Means, SI, Rubin, RM
JournalJ Aging Health
Date Published2008 Aug
ISSN Number0898-2643
Call Numbernewpubs20080822_JnlAgingHlth
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Black People, Caregivers, Employment, Family Characteristics, Financial Support, Humans, Intergenerational Relations, Logistic Models, Parent-Child Relations, Parents, Siblings, Socioeconomic factors, United States, White People

OBJECTIVE: This study compares how middle-generation caregivers and non-caregivers differ by race and explores racial differences in activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), and financial assistance that middle-generation caregivers provide for their parents.

METHOD: Using 2000 Health and Retirement Study data, racially stratified descriptive analyses and logistic regression models for ADL, IADL, and financial assistance are presented.

RESULTS: Parental need and race influence support, with similar patterns of Black and White ADL support, but racial differences in IADL and financial support. Having more children motivates Whites to increase IADL support and reduce financial support; more children decreases Blacks' IADL support. Sibling caregiver networks influence IADL and financial support in ways that vary by race. The number employed is a key determinant for Blacks for all support, but only influences White ADL support.

DISCUSSION: The findings of this article indicate the importance of sample stratification by race and that employment or other subsidies may aid the expansion of caregiving by middle-generation adults.

User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Caregivers/sociodemographic differences/sociodemographic differences/Racial Differences/ADL and IADL Impairments/Financial Support

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Aging Health
Citation Key7236
PubMed ID18448685