Urban neighborhood context and change in depressive symptoms in late life.

TitleUrban neighborhood context and change in depressive symptoms in late life.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsWight, RG, Cummings, JR, Karlamangla, AS, Aneshensel, CS
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Date Published2009 Mar
ISSN Number1758-5368
Call Numbernewpubs20090908/Wightetal.pdf
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Cultural Diversity, depression, Disability Evaluation, Educational Status, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Los Angeles, Male, Personality Inventory, Poverty, Psychosocial Deprivation, Residence Characteristics, Risk Factors, Urban Population

OBJECTIVES: This study examines associations between urban neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics and change over time in late-life depressive symptoms.

METHODS: Survey data are from three waves (1993, 1995, and 1998) of the Study of Assets and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old, a U.S. national probability sample of noninstitutionalized persons aged 70 years or older in 1993. Neighborhoods are 1990 U.S. Census tracts. Hierarchical linear regression is used to estimate multilevel models.

RESULTS: The average change over time in depressive symptoms varies significantly across urban neighborhoods. Change in depressive symptoms is significantly associated with neighborhood-level socioeconomic disadvantage and ethnic composition in unadjusted models but not in models that control for individual-level characteristics.

CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that apparent neighborhood-level effects on change in depressive symptoms over time among urban-dwelling older adults reflect, for the most part, differences in characteristics of the neighborhood residents.

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Endnote Keywords

Depressive Symptoms/Neighborhood Characteristics

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Citation Key7331
PubMed ID19181693
PubMed Central IDPMC2655167
Grant ListR01 AG022537 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States