Retirement and Physical Activity: Analyses by occupation and wealth

TitleRetirement and Physical Activity: Analyses by occupation and wealth
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsChung, S, Domino, ME, Stearns, SC, Popkin, BM
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume36
Issue5
Pagination422-28
Call Numbernewpubs20090908/ChungAJPM.pdf
KeywordsHealth Conditions and Status, Retirement Planning and Satisfaction
Abstract

Background: Older adults close to retirement age show the lowest level of physical activity. Changes in lifestyle with retirement may alter physical activity levels. This study investigated whether retirement changes physical activity and how the effect differs by occupation type and wealth level. Methods: This longitudinal study used the Health and Retirement Study (1996 2002), U.S. population-based data. Analyses were conducted in 2007 and 2008. Physical activity was measured by a composite indicator of participation in either work-related or leisure-time physical activity. Fixed-effects regression models were used to account for confounders and unobserved heterogeneity. The dependent variable was a composite indicator of participation in regular physical activity either at work or during nonworking hours. Results: Physical activity decreased with retirement from a physically demanding job but increased with retirement from a sedentary job. Occupation type interacted with wealth level, with the negative impact on physical activity of retirement exacerbated by lack of wealth and the positive effect of retirement on physical activity enhanced by wealth. Conclusions: Substantial differences in the effect of retirement on physical activity occurred across subgroups. As the number of people approaching retirement age rapidly increases, findings suggest that a growing segment of the nation's population may not sustain an adequate level of physical activity.

Endnote Keywords

RETIREMENT/Physical Activity

Endnote ID

20390

Citation Key7334
PubMed ID19269129