Ethnic differences in cognitive function over time.

TitleEthnic differences in cognitive function over time.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsMasel, MC, M. Peek, K
JournalAnn Epidemiol
Volume19
Issue11
Pagination778-83
Date Published2009 Nov
ISSN Number1873-2585
KeywordsAfrican Americans, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, Cognition Disorders, Educational Status, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Logistic Models, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Memory Disorders, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio
Abstract

PURPOSE: Minority group membership in old age has been implicated as a risk factor for lower scores on cognitive function tests, independent of education level. In addition, differential rates of cognitive decline by ethnic group have been identified in several epidemiologic studies. However, others have not been able to detect differences.

METHODS: In order to determine if health disparities in cognitive function scores extend to rates of decline, the current research examined rates of change in memory and mental status over the course of 9 years (1996-2004) in a nationally representative sample of late middle-aged and older white, black, and Hispanic adults who were part of the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study. Change in cognitive function was measured by separate indices of memory and mental status items and analyzed with multivariable mixed modeling.

RESULTS: Results indicated that, after controlling for demographic, social, and health-related variables, ethnicity was associated with cognitive function scores across waves (P<0.01), but did not greatly impact rates of decline. Furthermore, although education was associated with cognitive function scores across waves (P<0.01), education level did not impact decline rates.

CONCLUSIONS: Some health disparities in cognitive function exist even in late middle age, but ethnic differences in rates of decline are mixed.

Notes

PMID: 19656690

DOI10.1016/j.annepidem.2009.06.008
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19656690?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

Cognitive Function/Minorities

Endnote ID

21220

Alternate JournalAnn Epidemiol
Citation Key7373
PubMed ID19656690
PubMed Central IDPMC2761993
Grant ListT32 AG000270 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32 AG000270-06 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32 AG00270 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States