The aftermath of hip fracture: discharge placement, functional status change, and mortality.

TitleThe aftermath of hip fracture: discharge placement, functional status change, and mortality.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBentler, SE, Liu, L, Obrizan, M, Cook, EA, Wright, KB, Geweke, JF, Chrischilles, EA, Pavlik, CE, Wallace, RB, Ohsfeldt, RL, Jones, MP, Rosenthal, GE, Wolinsky, FD
JournalAm J Epidemiol
Date Published2009 Nov 15
ISSN Number1476-6256
Call Numbernewpubs20091202_HipFracture.pdf
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, depression, Female, Health Status, Health Status Indicators, Hip Fractures, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Iowa, Length of Stay, Logistic Models, Medicare, Patient Discharge, Prospective Studies, Psychometrics, Socioeconomic factors, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, United States

The authors prospectively explored the consequences of hip fracture with regard to discharge placement, functional status, and mortality using the Survey on Assets and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD). Data from baseline (1993) AHEAD interviews and biennial follow-up interviews were linked to Medicare claims data from 1993-2005. There were 495 postbaseline hip fractures among 5,511 respondents aged >or=69 years. Mean age at hip fracture was 85 years; 73% of fracture patients were white women, 45% had pertrochanteric fractures, and 55% underwent surgical pinning. Most patients (58%) were discharged to a nursing facility, with 14% being discharged to their homes. In-hospital, 6-month, and 1-year mortality were 2.7%, 19%, and 26%, respectively. Declines in functional-status-scale scores ranged from 29% on the fine motor skills scale to 56% on the mobility index. Mean scale score declines were 1.9 for activities of daily living, 1.7 for instrumental activities of daily living, and 2.2 for depressive symptoms; scores on mobility, large muscle, gross motor, and cognitive status scales worsened by 2.3, 1.6, 2.2, and 2.5 points, respectively. Hip fracture characteristics, socioeconomic status, and year of fracture were significantly associated with discharge placement. Sex, age, dementia, and frailty were significantly associated with mortality. This is one of the few studies to prospectively capture these declines in functional status after hip fracture.

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Endnote Keywords

Functional Status/Mortality/Nursing Homes

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalAm J Epidemiol
Citation Key7379
PubMed ID19808632
PubMed Central IDPMC2781759
Grant ListR01 AG022913 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States