The effects of developing a dual sensory loss on depression in older adults: a longitudinal study.

TitleThe effects of developing a dual sensory loss on depression in older adults: a longitudinal study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsMcDonnall, MCapella
JournalJ Aging Health
Date Published2009 Dec
ISSN Number0898-2643
Call Numbernewpubs20100129_McDonnall.pdf
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Black or African American, depression, Depressive Disorder, Female, Health Surveys, Hearing loss, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Statistical, Multivariate Analysis, Rehabilitation, Retirement, Risk Factors, Sensation Disorders, United States, Vision Disorders, White People

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of developing a dual sensory loss (DSL) on depression over time and evaluate the impact of preexisting single sensory loss on this effect.

METHOD: Multilevel modeling was used to analyze data (N = 2,689) from the Health and Retirement Study.

RESULTS: A significant increase in depression at the first report of DSL occurred, and depression increased at a significantly faster rate following DSL, in a curvilinear pattern. In addition, persons who eventually developed DSL began the study with a depression score significantly higher than persons who did not experience sensory loss. A preexisting single sensory loss did not alter the effect of DSL on depression.

DISCUSSION: Two sources of disparity in depression between persons with and without DSL were identified: preexisting differences and differences that occurred due to the DSL. The relationship exhibited between depression and developing a DSL indicated an adjustment process.

User Guide Notes

Endnote Keywords

Depression/Hearing Impaired Persons/Visually Impaired Persons

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Aging Health
Citation Key7386
PubMed ID19897782
PubMed Central IDPMC2789482
Grant ListR03 AG029355 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R03 AG029355-01A1 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States