Obesity and excess mortality among the elderly in the United States and Mexico.

TitleObesity and excess mortality among the elderly in the United States and Mexico.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsMonteverde, M, Noronha, K, Palloni, A, Novak, B
JournalDemography
Volume47
Issue1
Pagination79-96
Date Published2010 Feb
ISSN Number0070-3370
Call Numbernewpubs20100519_Monteverde.pdf
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Body Mass Index, Chronic disease, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Mexico, Middle Aged, Mortality, Multivariate Analysis, Obesity, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic factors, United States
Abstract

Increasing levels of obesity could compromise future gains in life expectancy in low- and high-income countries. Although excess mortality associated with obesity and, more generally, higher levels of body mass index (BAI) have been investigated in the United States, there is little research about the impact of obesity on mortality in Latin American countries, where very the rapid rate of growth of prevalence of obesity and overweight occur jointly with poor socioeconomic conditions. The aim of this article is to assess the magnitude of excess mortality due to obesity and overweight in Mexico and the United States. For this purpose, we take advantage of two comparable data sets: the Health and Retirement Study 2000 and 2004 for the United States, and the Mexican Health and Aging Study 2001 and 2003 for Mexico. We find higher excess mortality risks among obese and overweight individuals aged 60 and older in Mexico than in the United States. Yet, when analyzing excess mortality among different socioeconomic strata, we observe greater gaps by education in the United States than in Mexico. We also find that although the probability of experiencing obesity-related chronic diseases among individuals with high BMI is larger for the U.S. elderly, the relative risk of dying conditional on experiencing these diseases is higher in Mexico.

URLhttp://mgetit.lib.umich.edu/sfx_local?sid=metalib 3AISI_WOS_XML;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;amp=;id=doi 3A;genre=;isbn=;issn=0070-3370;date=2010;volume=47;issue=1;spage=79;epage=96;aulast=Monteverde;aufi
DOI10.1353/dem.0.0085
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20355685?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

health risk/Obesity/Body Mass Index/socioeconomic Status/Cross Cultural Comparison/cross-national comparison/MHAS_

Endnote ID

21900

Alternate JournalDemography
Citation Key7440
PubMed ID20355685
PubMed Central IDPMC3000005
Grant ListR01 AG018016 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG016209 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
5D43TW001586 / TW / FIC NIH HHS / United States
D43 TW001586 / TW / FIC NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG017266 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
5P30AG017266 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R37 AG025216 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
5R24HD04783 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD047873 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States