Urban neighborhood context and mortality in late life.

TitleUrban neighborhood context and mortality in late life.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsWight, RG, Cummings, JR, Karlamangla, AS, Aneshensel, CS
JournalJ Aging Health
Date Published2010 Mar
ISSN Number1552-6887
KeywordsAge Factors, Aged, Aging, Cognition, Confidence Intervals, depression, Female, Health Status, Humans, Los Angeles, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality, Odds Ratio, Poverty, Psychometrics, Residence Characteristics, Self Report, Socioeconomic factors, Statistics as Topic, Urban Population

OBJECTIVE: To examine the contextual effects of urban neighborhood characteristics on mortality among older adults.

METHOD: Data are from the Study of Assets and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD). Death is assessed between the baseline assessment (1993) and the first follow-up interview (1995). Neighborhood data are from the 1990 Census.

RESULTS: The log odds of dying between the two time points are higher in high proportion Hispanic neighborhoods, net of individual-level sociodemographic variables, but this effect is partly mediated by individual-level health. The log odds of dying are significantly (p < .05) lower in affluent neighborhoods, controlling for all individual-level variables and neighborhood proportion Hispanic.

DISCUSSION: There are survival-related benefits of living in an affluent urban neighborhood, which we posit may be manifested through the diffusion of innovations in health care and health-promotion activities.

User Guide Notes


Endnote Keywords

Neighborhoods/Mortality Rates/Hispanic Americans/Dying/Elderly/Health/mortality/affluence/social work theory

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Aging Health
Citation Key7446
PubMed ID20056813
PubMed Central IDPMC3155256
Grant ListP30 AG017265 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG022537 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 AG022537-06 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG17265 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States