Childhood socioeconomic position and disability in later life: results of the health and retirement study.

TitleChildhood socioeconomic position and disability in later life: results of the health and retirement study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBowen, MElizabeth, González, HM
JournalAm J Public Health
Volume100 Suppl 1
PaginationS197-203
Date Published2010 Apr 01
ISSN Number1541-0048
KeywordsActivities of Daily Living, Cohort Studies, Disabled Persons, Female, Humans, Male, Michigan, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Retirement, Risk Assessment, Social Class
Abstract

<p><b>OBJECTIVES: </b>We used a life course approach to assess the ways in which childhood socioeconomic position may be associated with disability in later life.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>We used longitudinal data from the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study (1998-2006) to examine associations between parental education, paternal occupation, and disabilities relating to activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs).</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Respondents whose fathers had low levels of education and those whose fathers were absent or had died while they were growing up were at increased risk of disability in later life, net of social, behavioral, and pathological health risks in adulthood. Social mobility and health behaviors were also important factors in the association between low childhood socioeconomic position and ADL and IADL disabilities.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>Our findings highlight the need for policies and programs aimed at improving the well-being of both children and families. A renewed commitment to such initiatives may help reduce health care costs and the need for people to use health and social services in later life.</p>

URLhttp://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=1990717531andFmt=7andclientId=17822andRQT=309andVName=PQD
DOI10.2105/AJPH.2009.160986
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19762655?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

ADL and IADL Impairments/Health risk assessment/Children/youth/Tuition/Health behavior/Tobacco smoke/Families/family life/Disease/Retirement/Disability/Disability/Palliative care/Education

Endnote ID

22460

Alternate JournalAm J Public Health
Citation Key7453
PubMed ID19762655
PubMed Central IDPMC2837439
Grant ListU01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32 HS013819 / HS / AHRQ HHS / United States
U01AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
HS013819 / HS / AHRQ HHS / United States
K08 MH067726 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
K08 MH67726 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States