Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US.

TitleCross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsOksuzyan, A, Crimmins, EM, Saito, Y, O'Rand, AM, Vaupel, JW, Christensen, K
JournalEur J Epidemiol
Volume25
Issue7
Pagination471-80
Date Published2010 Jul
ISSN Number1573-7284
Call Numbernewpubs20101112_Oksuzyan.pdf
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Denmark, Disability Evaluation, Female, Health Status, Humans, Japan, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality, Sex Distribution, United States
Abstract

The present study aims to compare the direction and magnitude of sex differences in mortality and major health dimensions across Denmark, Japan and the US. The Human Mortality Database was used to examine sex differences in age-specific mortality rates. The Danish twin surveys, the Danish 1905-Cohort Study, the Health and Retirement Study, and the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging were used to examine sex differences in health. Men had consistently higher mortality rates at all ages in all three countries, but they also had a substantial advantage in handgrip strength compared with the same-aged women. Sex differences in activities of daily living (ADL) became pronounced among individuals aged 85+ in all three countries. Depression levels tended to be higher in women, particularly, in Denmark and the HRS, and only small sex differences were observed in the immediate recall test and Mini-Mental State Exam. The present study revealed consistent sex differentials in survival and physical health, self-rated health and cognition at older ages, whereas the pattern of sex differences in depressive symptoms was country-specific.

URLhttp://sfx.lib.umich.edu:9003/sfx_local?sid=Entrez 3APubMed;id=pmid 3A20495953
DOI10.1007/s10654-010-9460-6
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20495953?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

cross-national comparison/Activities of Daily Living/Sex Differences/depression/SELF-RATED HEALTH/NUJLSOA/NUJLSOA

Endnote ID

23760

Alternate JournalEur. J. Epidemiol.
Citation Key7502
PubMed ID20495953
PubMed Central IDPMC2903692
Grant ListU01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01-AG007940 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG034424 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01-AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG008761 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG031719 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG017265 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30-AG17265 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01-AG031719 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States