|Title||Utilization of blood transfusion among older adults in the United States.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Rogers, MAM, Blumberg, N, Heal, JM, Langa, KM|
|Keywords||African Americans, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Blood Transfusion, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Male, United States|
BACKGROUND: While there have been epidemiologic studies of blood donors, the characteristics of individuals who receive transfusions have not been well described for the US population.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Subjects were from the nationally representative Health and Retirement Study whose data were linked to Medicare files from 1991 through 2007 (n = 16,377). A cohort study was conducted to assess the frequency of transfusion in older Americans over time and to describe the characteristics of blood recipients.
RESULTS: Thirty-one percent (95% confidence interval [CI], 30%-33%) of older Americans received at least one transfusion within a 10-year period and 5.8% (95% CI, 5.4%-6.2%) experienced repeated transfusion-related visits within 30 days. The mean number of transfusion-related visits was 2.3 over a 10-year period (95% CI, 2.2-2.4). Older Americans who lived in the South were most likely to receive a transfusion (34%), independent of demographic and health-related factors, while those who lived in the western United States were the least likely (26%). Predictors of transfusion included smoking, low body mass index, and a history of cancer, diabetes mellitus, end-stage renal disease, and heart disease. African-Americans and Mexican-Americans had greater rates of blood utilization than other races and other Hispanics (respectively). There were also differences in transfusion utilization by education, marital status, religion, and alcohol use.
CONCLUSIONS: Transfusion is common in older Americans. Regional variations in blood use are not explained by patient characteristics alone.
|Endnote Keywords|| |
health services/blood transfusions/blood transfusions
|Endnote ID|| |
|PubMed Central ID||PMC3078991|
|Grant List||U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States |
R21 HL093129-02 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R21 HL093129 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
5R21HL093129-02 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG09740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R21 HL093129-01A1 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States