Opting Out and Buying Out: Wives' Earnings and Housework Time.

TitleOpting Out and Buying Out: Wives' Earnings and Housework Time.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsKillewald, AAchen
JournalJ Marriage Fam
Date Published2011 Apr
ISSN Number0022-2445

It has been proposed that the negative association between wives' earnings and their time in housework is due to greater outsourcing of household labor by households with high-earning wives, but this hypothesis has not been tested directly. In a sample of dual-earner married couples in the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey of the Health and Retirement Study (N = 796), use of market substitutes for women's housework was found to be only weakly associated with wives' time cooking and cleaning. Furthermore, expenditures on market substitutes explain less than 15% of the earnings-housework time relationship. This suggests that use of market substitutes plays a smaller role in explaining variation in wives' time in household labor than has previously been hypothesized.

User Guide Notes


Endnote Keywords

Dual-worker couple/Socioeconomic factors/Housework/Work-family balance/Time Allocation

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Marriage Fam
Citation Key7594
PubMed ID22053115
PubMed Central IDPMC3205086
Grant ListR24 HD041028 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
T32 AG000221 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
T32 AG000221-17 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States