A Longitudinal Study of Social Status, Perceived Discrimination, and Physical and Emotional Health Among Older Adults

TitleA Longitudinal Study of Social Status, Perceived Discrimination, and Physical and Emotional Health Among Older Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLuo, Y, Xu, J, Granberg, E, Wentworth, W
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume34
Issue3
Pagination275
KeywordsDemographics, Employment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status, Women and Minorities
Abstract

This study examines the relationships between social status, perceived discrimination, and physical and emotional health using a nationally representative sample of 6,377 older adults from the 2006 and 2008 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. About 63 of older adults reported at least one type of everyday discrimination and 31 reported at least one major discriminatory event during lifetime. Blacks, those separated, divorced, or widowed, and those with lower household assets have higher levels of perceived discrimination than Whites, the married or partnered, and those with more assets. Perceived discrimination is negatively associated with changes in health over 2 years, and everyday discrimination has stronger effects than major discriminatory events, especially on emotional health. The effects of perceived everyday discrimination on changes in depressive symptoms and self-rated health are independent of general stress. Efforts to reduce discrimination, including perceptions of discrimination, can be beneficial for health in old age. PUBLICATION ABSTRACT

URLhttp://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=2621993131andFmt=7andclientId=17822andRQT=309andVName=PQD
Endnote Keywords

Perceptions/Perceptions/Status/Status/Older people/Age discrimination/Blacks/Whites

Endnote ID

62853

Citation Key7694