Self- and other-oriented potential lifetime traumatic events as predictors of loneliness in the second half of life.

TitleSelf- and other-oriented potential lifetime traumatic events as predictors of loneliness in the second half of life.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPalgi, Y, Shrira, A, Ben-Ezra, M, Shiovitz-Ezra, S, Ayalon, L
JournalAging Ment Health
Volume16
Issue4
Pagination423-30
Date Published2012
ISSN Number1364-6915
KeywordsAge Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Child, Child Abuse, Cross-Sectional Studies, depression, Female, Forecasting, Humans, Life Change Events, Loneliness, Male, Middle Aged, Self Psychology, Wounds and Injuries
Abstract

<p><b>OBJECTIVES: </b>This study examined the relationship between self- and other-oriented potential lifetime traumatic events (PLTE) and loneliness at the second half of life.</p><p><b>METHOD: </b>The sample was comprised of 7446 respondents who completed the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2006 psychosocial questionnaire. PLTE were classified into self-oriented PLTE, defined as traumatic events that primarily inflict the self (e.g., being abused by parents) and other-oriented PLTE, defined as events that affect the self by primarily targeting others (e.g., death of one's child). We evaluated the role of self- and other-oriented PLTE as predictors of loneliness, as evaluated by the short R-UCLA. Analyses were stratified by age at which trauma happened categorized into four life periods (0-17, 18-30, 31-49, 50+).</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>The results showed that PLTE is positively related to loneliness. Moreover, the number of other-oriented PLTE, and even more pronouncedly self-oriented PLTE, that happened up until adulthood were the strongest predictors of loneliness at the second half of life.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>The study suggests that self- and other-oriented PLTE reported to have occurred early in life are associated with perceived loneliness in the second half of life.</p>

Notes

Palgi, Yuval Shrira, Amit Ben-Ezra, Menachem Shiovitz-Ezra, Sharon Ayalon, Liat U01AG009740/AG/NIA NIH HHS/United States Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural England Aging Ment Health. 2012;16(4):423-30. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

DOI10.1080/13607863.2011.638903
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22296337?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

psycho-social/potential lifetime traumatic events/loneliness

Endnote ID

69464

Alternate JournalAging Ment Health
Citation Key7715
PubMed ID22296337
Grant ListU01AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States