|Title||Self- and other-oriented potential lifetime traumatic events as predictors of loneliness in the second half of life.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Palgi, Y, Shrira, A, Ben-Ezra, M, Shiovitz-Ezra, S, Ayalon, L|
|Journal||Aging & Mental Health|
|Keywords||Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Child, Child Abuse, Cross-Sectional Studies, depression, Female, Forecasting, Humans, Life Change Events, Loneliness, Male, Middle Aged, Self Psychology, Wounds and Injuries|
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between self- and other-oriented potential lifetime traumatic events (PLTE) and loneliness at the second half of life.
METHOD: The sample was comprised of 7446 respondents who completed the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2006 psychosocial questionnaire. PLTE were classified into self-oriented PLTE, defined as traumatic events that primarily inflict the self (e.g., being abused by parents) and other-oriented PLTE, defined as events that affect the self by primarily targeting others (e.g., death of one's child). We evaluated the role of self- and other-oriented PLTE as predictors of loneliness, as evaluated by the short R-UCLA. Analyses were stratified by age at which trauma happened categorized into four life periods (0-17, 18-30, 31-49, 50+).
RESULTS: The results showed that PLTE is positively related to loneliness. Moreover, the number of other-oriented PLTE, and even more pronouncedly self-oriented PLTE, that happened up until adulthood were the strongest predictors of loneliness at the second half of life.
CONCLUSION: The study suggests that self- and other-oriented PLTE reported to have occurred early in life are associated with perceived loneliness in the second half of life.
|Endnote Keywords|| |
psycho-social/potential lifetime traumatic events/loneliness
|Endnote ID|| |
|Grant List||U01AG009740 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States|