The significance of education for mortality compression in the United States.

TitleThe significance of education for mortality compression in the United States.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsBrown, DC, Hayward, MD, Montez, JKaras, Hummer, RA, Chiu, C-T, Hidajat, MM
JournalDemography
Volume49
Issue3
Pagination819-40
Date Published2012 Aug
ISSN Number0070-3370
KeywordsAged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Educational Status, Female, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Life Expectancy, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality, Mortality, Premature, Sex Distribution, Socioeconomic factors, United States
Abstract

<p>Recent studies of old-age mortality trends assess whether longevity improvements over time are linked to increasing compression of mortality at advanced ages. The historical backdrop of these studies is the long-term improvement in a population's socioeconomic resources that fueled longevity gains. We extend this line of inquiry by examining whether socioeconomic differences in longevity within a population are accompanied by old-age mortality compression. Specifically, we document educational differences in longevity and mortality compression for older men and women in the United States. Drawing on the fundamental cause of disease framework, we hypothesize that both longevity and compression increase with higher levels of education and that women with the highest levels of education will exhibit the greatest degree of longevity and compression. Results based on the Health and Retirement Study and the National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality File confirm a strong educational gradient in both longevity and mortality compression. We also find that mortality is more compressed within educational groups among women than men. The results suggest that educational attainment in the United States maximizes life chances by delaying the biological aging process.</p>

URLhttp://proquest.umi.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/pqdweb?did=2712630621andFmt=7andclientId=17822andRQT=309andVName=PQD
DOI10.1007/s13524-012-0104-1
User Guide Notes

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22556045?dopt=Abstract

Endnote Keywords

Studies/Socioeconomic factors/Mortality/Educational attainment/Gender differences

Endnote ID

69502

Alternate JournalDemography
Citation Key7719
PubMed ID22556045
PubMed Central IDPMC3500099
Grant ListT32 HD007081 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD053696 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 HD053696-01 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
5 T32 HD007081 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
T32 HD007081-35 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD042849 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD042849-08 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
5 R24 HD042849 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
1 R01-HD053696 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States