Self-reported and measured hypertension among older US- and foreign-born adults.

TitleSelf-reported and measured hypertension among older US- and foreign-born adults.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsWhite, K, Avendano, M, Capistrant, BD, J Moon, R, Liu, SY, M. Glymour, M
JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
Date Published2012 Aug
ISSN Number1557-1920
KeywordsAged, Black or African American, Blood Pressure Determination, Emigrants and Immigrants, Female, Hispanic or Latino, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Nutrition Surveys, Reproducibility of Results, Self Report, United States, White People

Self-reported hypertension is frequently used for health surveillance. However, little is known about the validity of self-reported hypertension among older Americans by nativity status. This study compared self-reported and measured hypertension among older black, white, and Hispanic Americans by nativity using the 2006 and 2008 Health and Retirement Study (n = 13,451). Sensitivity and specificity of self-reported hypertension were calculated using the Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure definition. Sensitivity was high among older blacks (88.9%), whites (82.8%), and Hispanics (84.0%), and both foreign-born (83.2%) and US-born (84.0%). Specificity was above 90% for both US-born and foreign-born, but higher for whites (92.8%) than blacks (86.0%). Despite the potential vulnerability of older foreign-born Americans, self-reported hypertension may be considered a reasonable estimate of hypertension status. Future research should confirm these findings in samples with a larger and more ethnically diverse foreign-born population.


Copyright - Springer Science Business Media, LLC 2012 Language of summary - English Location - United States--US Pages - 721-6 ProQuest ID - 1022672464 Document feature - References SubjectsTermNotLitGenreText - United States--US Last updated - 2012-07-11 Place of publication - New York Corporate institution author - White, Kellee; Avenda o, Mauricio; Capistrant, Benjamin D; Robin Moon, J; Liu, Sze Y; Maria Glymour, M DOI - 2699707771; 70149852; 53471; JIMH; 22109587; SPVLJIMH109031449549

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Endnote Keywords

Social policy/self assessed health/Hypertension/African-americans/Hispanics/Ethnic Interests

Endnote ID


Alternate JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
Citation Key7725
PubMed ID22109587