Depressive symptoms and psychosocial stress at work among older employees in three continents

TitleDepressive symptoms and psychosocial stress at work among older employees in three continents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsSiegrist, J, Lunau, T, Wahrendorf, M, Dragano, N
JournalGlobalization and Health
Volume8
KeywordsCross-National, Employment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status
Abstract

Background: To assess whether an association of psychosocial stress at work with depressive symptoms among older employees is evident in a set of comparable empirical studies from Europe, North America and Asia. Methods: Cross-sectional and longitudinal multivariate regression analyses of data from 4 cohort studies with elder workers (2004 and 2006) testing associations of psychosocial stress at work ('effort-reward imbalance'; 'low control') with depressive symptoms. Results: Cross-sectional analyses from 17 countries with 14.236 participants reveal elevated odds ratios of depressive symptoms among people experiencing high work stress compared to those with low or no work stress. Adjusted odds ratios vary from 1.64 (95 CI 1.02-2.63) in Japan to 1.97 (95 CI 1.75-2.23) in Europe and 2.28 (95 CI 1.59-3.28) in the USA. Odds ratios from additional longitudinal analyses (in 13 countries) controlling for baseline depression are smaller, but remain in part significant. Conclusion: Findings indicate that psychosocial stress at work might be a relevant risk factor for depressive symptoms among older employees across countries and continents. This observation may call for global policy efforts to improve quality of work in view of a rapidly aging workforce, in particular in times of economic globalization.

Notes

Times Cited: 0 Siegrist, Johannes Lunau, Thorsten Wahrendorf, Morten Dragano, Nico

DOI10.1186/1744-8603-8-27
Endnote Keywords

psychosocial/Depression/cross-national/labor Force Participation/Older Workers/Stress/workplace

Endnote ID

69706

Citation Key7771