Reciprocity Between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Limitations Pre- and Postretirement: Exploring Racial Differences

TitleReciprocity Between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Limitations Pre- and Postretirement: Exploring Racial Differences
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGayman, MD, Pai, M, Kail, BL, Taylor, MG
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume25
Issue4
Pagination555
KeywordsDemographics, Health Conditions and Status, Healthcare, Retirement Planning and Satisfaction
Abstract

This study assesses (a) the reciprocity between mental and physical health pre- and postretirement, and (b) the extent to which these associations vary by race. Data are from the 1994 to 2008 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Analyses based on structural equation modeling reveal that depression and physical health exert reciprocal effects for Whites pre- and postretirement. For Blacks preretirement, physical limitations predict changes in depression but there is no evidence of the reverse association. Further, the association between physical limitations and changes in depressive symptoms among Blacks is no longer significant after retirement. The transition into retirement alleviates the translation of physical limitations into depressive symptoms for Blacks only. The findings underscore the relevance of retirement for reciprocity between mental and physical health and suggest that the health implications associated with this life course transition vary by race.

Notes

Copyright - Copyright SAGE PUBLICATIONS, INC. Jun 2013 Last updated - 2013-06-18

URLhttp://search.proquest.com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/docview/1368997953?accountid=14667http://mgetit.lib.umich.edu/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004andctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8andrfr_id=info:sid/ProQ 3Apqrlandrft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journalandrft.genre=articleandr
Endnote Keywords

Gerontology And Geriatrics/Retirement/Racial differences/Mental depression/Personal health

Endnote ID

69012

Citation Key7823