Is Working Later in Life Good or Bad for Health? An Investigation of Multiple Health Outcomes

TitleIs Working Later in Life Good or Bad for Health? An Investigation of Multiple Health Outcomes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsWickrama, K, O'Neal, CW, Kwag, KH, Lee, TK
JournalJ Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci
Volume68
Issue5
Pagination807-815
KeywordsDemographics, Disabilities, Employment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status, Healthcare
Abstract

To examine the mutual influences between changes in work status and multiple dimensions of health outcomes (immediate memory, physical disability, and depressive symptoms) over later years. We used a subsample of 8,524 older adults who participated in the Health and Retirement Study from 1998 to 2008 and were 62 years or older in 1998 to examine work status and health outcomes after controlling for age and background characteristics. We present results of cross-lagged auto-regressive models. Work status (level of work) predicted subsequent residual changes in immediate memory over time, whereas immediate memory predicted subsequent residual changes in work status over time, even after controlling for physical disability and depressive symptoms. Similar results were indicated for the associations between work status and physical disability and depressive symptoms over time. Consistent with social causation and social selection traditions, the findings support bi-directional associations among changes in work status (the level of work), immediate memory, physical disability, and depressive symptoms in later years. Practical implications are discussed.

Notes

(KAS) Copyright - Copyright Oxford University Press, UK Sep 2013 Last updated - 2013-08-16

DOI10.1093/geronb/gbt069
Endnote Keywords

Medical Sciences--Psychiatry And Neurology/Employment/Older people/Personal health/Mental depression/Gerontology/Disability/Disability/Memory

Endnote ID

69094

Citation Key7838