Perceived Weight Discrimination and Obesity

TitlePerceived Weight Discrimination and Obesity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSutin, AR, Terracciano, A
JournalPLoS One
KeywordsDemographics, Employment and Labor Force, Health Conditions and Status, Methodology, Other, Retirement Planning and Satisfaction

Weight discrimination is prevalent in American society. Although associated consistently with psychological and economic outcomes, less is known about whether weight discrimination is associated with longitudinal changes in obesity. The objectives of this research are (1) to test whether weight discrimination is associated with risk of becoming obese (Body Mass Index 30; BMI) by follow-up among those not obese at baseline, and (2) to test whether weight discrimination is associated with risk of remaining obese at follow-up among those already obese at baseline. Participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative longitudinal survey of community-dwelling US residents. A total of 6,157 participants (58.6 female) completed the discrimination measure and had weight and height available from the 2006 and 2010 assessments. Participants who experienced weight discrimination were approximately 2.5 times more likely to become obese by follow-up (OR = 2.54, 95 CI = 1.58-4.08) and participants who were obese at baseline were three times more likely to remain obese at follow up (OR = 3.20, 95 CI = 2.06-4.97) than those who had not experienced such discrimination. These effects held when controlling for demographic factors (age, sex, ethnicity, education) and when baseline BMI was included as a covariate. These effects were also specific to weight discrimination; other forms of discrimination (e.g., sex, race) were unrelated to risk of obesity at follow-up. The present research demonstrates that, in addition to poorer mental health outcomes, weight discrimination has implications for obesity. Rather than motivating individuals to lose weight, weight discrimination increases risk for obesity.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0070048 10.2105/ajph.2009.159491 10.1038/oby.2008.35 10.1177/002214650504600303 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00646.x 10.1002/eat.20933 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2010.03.002 10.1038/oby.2010.234 10.1016/j.bodyim.2003.12.001 10.1016/j.jvb.2007.04.00
Endnote Keywords

SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS/Obesity/Studies/Discrimination/Retirement/Biomedical research/Secondary school students/Confidence intervals/United States--US

Endnote ID


Citation Key7848