The Nature and Correlates of Change in Depressive Symptoms With Cancer Diagnosis: Reaction and Adaptation

TitleThe Nature and Correlates of Change in Depressive Symptoms With Cancer Diagnosis: Reaction and Adaptation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsInfurna, FJ, Gerstorf, D, Ram, N
JournalPsychology and Aging
KeywordsEvent History/Life Cycle, Expectations, Health Conditions and Status, Methodology

Major life events trigger change processes in mental health. We examined how depressive symptoms change in conjunction with cancer diagnosis during adulthood and old age, and whether sociodemographic variables, cognitive and health resources, and cancer-specific mortality risks moderate event-related reaction and adaptation. Specifically, we applied multiphase growth models to prospective longitudinal data from 2,848 participants (age at diagnosis: M = 69, SD = 9.91; 46 women) in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) who reported receiving a cancer diagnosis while enrolled in the study. On average, individuals experienced a significant increase in depressive symptoms within 2 years of cancer diagnosis, still-elevated levels 2 years postdiagnosis, and smaller increases in depressive symptoms postdiagnosis relative to the increases observed prediagnosis. Better memory and lower cancer-specific mortality risks were protective against increases in depressive symptoms within 2 years of diagnosis and were associated with reporting fewer depressive symptoms 2 years postdiagnosis. Findings suggest that diagnosis-related changes in depressive symptoms are typically characterized by a multiphase pattern, but tremendous between-person differences also emerged within each phase. Follow-up analyses comparing a matched group (N = 2,272) who did not experience cancer provided an additional layer of evidence supporting our inferences. Results indicate that, on average, people adapt and adjust to the challenges accompanying a cancer diagnosis, and illustrate the utility of using natural experiments such as major life events as a paradigm for studying developmental change processes.


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Endnote Keywords

Subjective well-being/Cancer diagnosis/Health and Retirement Study/Adulthood and old age/Reaction and adaptation to major life events

Endnote ID


Citation Key7857